Ben Phillips (University of the Pacific) "Visual Perspective Taking and Gaze Perception"

January 29, 2018 @ 3:30 pm – 5:30 pm America/Toronto Timezone

Abstract: What is the difference between perceiving another individual's gaze and representing that individual's visual perspective? In addressing this question, I will distinguish between three kinds of visual perspective takers, each one representing different features of visual perception. According to my account, the lower bounds of visual perspective taking are populated by those creatures who represent line-of-gaze in a way that respects the agent/non-agent distinction. The upper bounds of visual perspective taking are populated by individuals who grasp the aspectual nature of seeing; as well as individuals who also grasp the selective nature of visual attention. Having distinguished between these varieties of visual perspective taking, I will then deflate a problem that has plagued the literature on mindreading. The problem is that of distinguishing, experimentally, between sophisticated gaze-followers and genuine visual perspective takers.